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Ludwig'S Angina

Overview

Ludwig's angina is an infection of the mouth’s tissue in which floor of the mouth swells down. It is a type of cellulitis in which inflammation of the tissue’s floor of the mouth takes place. The condition is common in adults and rarely found in children. Sublingual space infection and Submandibular space infection are alternative names of the condition.


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Causes

It is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus spp. The condition can happen after mouth injury also.


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Signs & Symptoms

Swelling is considered as one of the most common symptoms in that prevent the swallowing of the saliva. Other symptoms are:

  • Neck pain
  • Neck swelling
  • Fever
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Redness of the neck
  • Mental changes, confusion
  • Weakness, excessive tiredness
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Prevention

Regular dental check-up helps in preventing the risk of Ludwig's angina. 


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Treatments
Tracheostomy Modern Medicine

If the swelling of the mouth results in blocking the airway, urgent medical help is required for maintaining the open airway. For this, a breathing tube is place into the lungs through nose or mouth. Surgery known as tracheostomy is also performed if required. Antibiotics like penicillin like medications are given for fighting with the infection. Till the time bacteria go away, doctors advise continue taking medications. If Ludwig's angina causes tooth infection, dental treatment is given.

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