Gingivitis is a medical condition representing the inflammation of the gum tissues. This term indicates the non-destructive periodontal disease. This disease is mostly known to cause by the bacterial infections in the teeth, and hence is also called the plaque-induced gingivitis. This disease can lead to periodontitis at later stages if left untreated. There are two types of gingivitis, dental plaque-induced gingival disease and non-plaque-induced gingival lesions. The gingivitis is one of the most commonly found diseases all over the world.
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The gingivitis is mainly caused by the bacterial infection. The plaque is formed which may stick to the surface of the teeth. This plaque can increase and lead to this disease. This disease may also be caused due to the using of certain kinds of drugs and medical disorders. This disease may also be caused due to vitamin deficiency and certain kinds of bacterial and viral infections. This disease may also be seen in pregnancy, leukemia, menopause or impacted tooth.
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The patient suffering from gingivitis has the following symptoms:-
- The patient may suffer from swollen gums.
- The gums may also turn bright red or purple in colour.
- These gums become tender and painful to touch.
- The patient’s mouth may emit unpleasant odor.
- The gums get bruised easily and can bleed during brushing or flossing.
- The patient may suffer from frequent mouth sores and the gums become shiny in nature.
Oral hygiene is necessary for the prevention of this disease. This can be done by brushing twice in a day, flushing the mouth with water or mouth wash after each meal and removing the stuck food particles from the teeth.
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The main aim of the treatment is to remove the plaque. Removing plaque will reduce the oral bacteria and is mostly done by scaling, curettage, root planning and using mouth washes containing the hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine. Special brushes may be used to remove the plaque.
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