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Cleft Lip And Palate

Overview

The cleft lip and palate are birth defects where the tissues in the mouth or lip do not form healthy during the fetal development; as a result a cut remains in the lip and upper cleft. Cleft lip and palate are found to occur 1 in 700 to 1000 birth defects; hence the result shows that it is one of the most common birth defects of kids all over the world. This defect can be detected through the prenatal ultrasound. If this birth defect is not detected through the prenatal ultrasound it can also be identified immediately after the birth.


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Causes

The disease can be caused due to a combination of genetic and the environmental factors, such as drugs, alcohol or tobacco during pregnancy, or illness. This disease is more commonly found in kids with a family history of birth defects.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient may have the following symptoms namely:-

  • The kid will have a visible cut in the lips.
  • The cut will go to the upper cleft.
  • The kid may find trouble in talking and sucking milk.
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Prevention

There is no known prevention of this disease.


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Treatments
Reconstructive surgery Modern Medicine

The reconstructive surgery is the only way of repairing the cleft lip and palate. The surgery for repairing the cleft lip is done within the first 3 to 6 months of birth. And the surgery for repairing the palate is done during the 9 to 14 months of the infant stage. These surgeries are done under general anesthesia.  Following the surgery certain therapy sessions are given out, they are speech therapy, dental care, etc.

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